Corbett Tiger Reserve
Jim Corbett National Park or Corbett Tiger Reserve (CTR) is the oldest national park in India. The park is named after the hunter and conservationist Jim Corbett who played a key role in its establishment. It was recognized in 1936 with a forest area of 325 square kilometers. The Project Tiger proposal for conservation of the species was launched in 1974 and the current area of 1320 square kilometers was demarcated in 1991.
Sitting between the foothills of the Himalayas in the north and the primordial Shivaliks in the south, the reserve extends over a habitat that is forever altering and mesmerizing. Dense woodlands and open grasslands, marshy vegetation and dry riverbeds; forest-grassland edges, reservoirs and mountainous terrain provide an extensive lesson in geographic diversity. This varied habitat hosts a spectacular diversity of mammal, bird and reptilian life which is consummate in India. The park is home to one of the largest royal Bengal tiger populations; several hundred resident bird species, with a lot more crossing on their migratory routes, around 50 of mammals and over 30 of reptiles, including the rare, bulbous-snouted Gharial crocodile.